For me all need to enter the Catholic Church, all need to be incorporated as members, all need faith and baptism, for salvation.All non Catholics need to enter the Church and there are no exceptions.Here are the magisterial documents which support my view.
Of course they would also be supported by Pope Benedict.
Of course they would also be supported by Pope Benedict.
Though he would also contradict these passages elsewhere.He denies them in public and in writing.
Here are the passages:
Therefore, all must be converted to Him, made known by the Church's preaching, and all must be incorporated into Him by baptism and into the Church which is His body. For Christ Himself "by stressing in express language the necessity of faith and baptism (cf. Mark 16:16; John 3:5), at the same time confirmed the necessity of the Church, into which men enter by baptism, as by a door. -Ad Gentes 7
14. This Sacred Council wishes to turn its attention firstly to the Catholic faithful. Basing itself upon Sacred Scripture and Tradition, it teaches that the Church, now sojourning on earth as an exile, is necessary for salvation. Christ, present to us in His Body, which is the Church, is the one Mediator and the unique way of salvation. In explicit terms He Himself affirmed the necessity of faith and baptism(124) and thereby affirmed also the necessity of the Church, for through baptism as through a door men enter the Church. -Lumen Gentium 14
Outside the Church there is no Salvation ( the dogma)http://catholicism.org/category/outside-the-church-there-is-no-salvation
1257 The Lord himself affirms that Baptism is necessary for salvation.He also commands his disciples to proclaim the Gospel to all nations and to baptize them... The Church does not know of any means other than Baptism that assures entry into eternal beatitude; this is why she takes care not to neglect the mission she has received from the Lord to see that all who can be baptized are "reborn of water and the Spirit."-Catechism of the Catholic Church (1995)
(Note: ' Baptism is necessary for salvation for those to whom the Gospel has been proclaimed and who have had the possibility of asking for this sacrament...but he himself is not bound by his sacraments.'-CCC1257. This is the New Theology.
This refers to the New Theology of Cardinal Ratzinger.It assumes in principle that hypothetical cases are not hypothetical.
The baptism of desire etc are exceptions to all needing the baptism of water for salvation. So he infers that there are objective cases of the baptism of water for them to be relevant and exceptiions to traditional EENS.
So refers to only those who know as opposed to those who are ignorance and are known and are saved.
Similarly we do not know any objective case of someone saved without the baptism of water since God is not bound to the Sacraments.)
We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.-Nicene Creed
Whosoever will be saved, before all things it is necessary that he hold the catholic faith. Which faith except every one do keep whole and undefiled; without doubt he shall perish everlastingly....This is the catholic faith; which except a man believe truly and firmly, he cannot be saved.-Athanasius Creed
OUR PREMISES ARE DIFFERENT
Both Cardinal Ratzinger and I accept the baptism of desire and being saved in invincible ignorance.For me they refer to invisible cases in real life. For Cardinal Ratzinger, since these cases are relevant and exceptions to the dogma EENS, he infers that they are visible.
So here is the difference between us.What is invisible for me is visible for him. This is our premise when doing philosophy and theology.Our premises are different of course. One is rational and the other is irrational.
Since there are visible cases of non Catholics saved in invincible ignorance and without the baptism of water in the Catholic Church, for him, there is known salvation outside the Church de jure and defacto ; as a possibility and as a known reality.
So he says all who are saved are saved through Jesus and the Church(CCC 846) while I say every one needs to be a member of the Church for salvation.He never states this directly in Redemptoris Missio and Dominus Iesus.His friend Fr.Karl Rahner refers to the Anonymous Christian,someone being saved in the Protestant or Orthodox Christian religion.For me there can be no known Anonymous Christian.Since de facto it is not possible for us human beings.It would be known only to God and it could be followed with Catholic faith.
In two papers of the International Theological Commission he criticized Fr. Leonard Feeney as do the Masons and the Jewish Left. Like the Letter of the Holy Office 1949, there are exceptions to the Feeneyite interpretation of the dogma EENS for him.
Then in Redemptoris Missio and Dominus Iesus he refers to an ecclesiocentrism of the past. He means this ecclesiocentrism is not there any more. He is a liberal and interprets the baptism of desire etc as an exception.
So he possibly approved Amoris Laeititia which suggests there can be known exceptions to the traditional moral theology. This was being taught at pontifical universities when he was the Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
NICENE CREED CHANGED
With known cases of the baptism of desire etc he has changed the Nicene Creed. The Nicene Creed instead of saying I believe in one ( known) baptism for the forgiveness of sin( which is the baptism of water) it now means 'I believe in three or more known baptisms ( water, desire and blood) for the forgiveness of sin'. This is false. There cannot be known cases of non Catholics saved outside the Church with the baptism' of desire and blood. If this happened it would only be known to God( and it would include the baptism of water since this is the dogmatic teaching).So defacto there cannot be any exceptions to the dogma EENS as it was known in the 16th century.
He is using an irrational premise ( visible cases of the baptism of desire without the baptism of water) to create a new and non traditional conclusion( there are known exceptions to the dogma EENS while Vatican Council II contradicts EENS and Tradition).
He has changed the Nicene Creed, rejected the dogma EENS,re- interpreted the baptism of desire irrationally. This is a first class heresy in the hierarchy of truths of Pope John Paul II.
It is the CDF which was in first class heresy since the time Cardinal Ratzinger took over office.He made an objective error which was overlooked by Pope John Paul II.Perhaps Cardinal Ratzinger's error also was an oversight.-Lionel Andrades